Periodic eye and vision examinations are an important part of preventive health care. Many eye and vision problems have no obvious signs or symptoms, so you might not know a problem exists. Early diagnosis and treatment of eye and vision problems can help prevent vision loss.
Each patient's signs and symptoms, along with your optometrist's professional judgment, will determine what tests your optometrist conducts. A comprehensive adult eye and vision examination may include, but is not limited to, the following tests.
Visual acuity measurements evaluate how clearly each eye is seeing. Reading charts are often used to measure visual acuity. As part of the testing, you will read letters on charts at a distance and near.
The results of visual acuity testing are written as a fraction, such as 20/40. The top number in the fraction is the standard distance at which testing is done (20 feet). The bottom number is the smallest letter size you were able to read. A person with 20/40 visual acuity would have to get within 20 feet to see a letter that should be seen clearly at 40 feet. Normal distance visual acuity is 20/20.
An optometrist may first want to look at specific aspects of your visual function and eye health. Preliminary tests can include evaluations of depth perception, color vision, eye muscle movements, peripheral or side vision, and the way your pupils respond to light.
This test measures the curvature of the cornea (the clear outer surface of the eye) by focusing a circle of light on the cornea and measuring its reflection. This measurement is particularly critical in determining the proper fit for contact lenses.
Refraction determines the lens power you need to compensate for any refractive error (nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism). Using an instrument called a phoropter, your optometrist places a series of lenses in front of your eyes. He or she then measures how these lenses focus light using a handheld lighted instrument called a retinoscope. Your doctor may choose to use an instrument that automatically evaluates the focusing power of the eye. The lens power is then refined based your input on the lenses that give you the clearest vision.
This testing can be done without eye drops to determine how the eyes respond under normal seeing conditions. However, an optometrist will use eye drops with patients who can't respond verbally or when some of the eyes' focusing power may be hidden. The drops temporarily keep the eyes from changing focus during testing.
To see a clear, single image, the eyes must effectively change focus, move and work in unison. An assessment of accommodation, ocular motility and binocular vision determines how well your eyes focus, move and work together. This testing will look for problems that keep your eyes from focusing effectively or make using both eyes together difficult.
Your optometrist may need to perform additional tests based on the results of the previous tests. These tests can help confirm or rule out possible problems, clarify uncertain findings or provide a more in-depth assessment.
At the completion of the examination, your optometrist will evaluate all the test results to determine a diagnosis. He or she will discuss with you any visual or eye health problems and explain treatment options. In some cases, your optometrist may refer you to another optometrist or other health care provider for consultation or treatment.
Visit us at Insight Eye Clinic and experience unrivalled professional service from the moment you step in. We are one of the best optometrists in Mumbai and assure our clients the highest quality eye care.
Dr. Nishikant Borse always makes his patient feel very comfortable, develops confidence in them and boosts the moral even in critical situation. He is very optimistic and never allows any of his patients to give up. His perseverance, willingness and dedication to reach out to his patients has developed a strong bond between him and his patients. He has a wonderful and a homely-feel staff.
MR SANIL VADKE
Dr. Borse one of the finest doctors that we have come across. He's one of the few doctors who takes personal care. Gives immediate treatment & Genuine advice. We have known him since 8 yrs & Have recommended him to all our friends & Relatives who are now his patients as well.
MR PRADIP THAKKAR
The Insight eye clinic of Dr Borse offers excellent and efficient eye care, always with a smile on their faces.Through my personal experience of both eyes surgeries and laser treatment for diabetic retinopathy, I can confidently say that Dr Borse and his team are highly dependably.
MRS ASHA PILLAI
We would specially like to mention here our wonderful experience with you and Dr. Veena, when you performed operation of my wife Mrs. Sulabha Tipnis. We have no word to express our happiness to meet you. We here by recommend you as one of the finest, humble, loving and caring Doctor with fantastic expertise in Ophthalmology to all the readers of your website. We would specially like to mention that you have a lovely staff, who are always caring for the patients. We wish you all the best in your future.
MR MILND TIPNIS
MRS SULBHA TIPNIS